Installing Windows 7 on a UEFI Computer

Pretty much all modern computers from here on in are UEFI based.  UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) supersedes the BIOS (Basic Input-Output System) – that black and white screen you get when you start your computer, which runs the initial start-up stages.  For most of us, UEFI means faster boot times, better security and an improved user experience.  Unfortunately, for those of us trying to install an older operating system (such as Windows 7) it also means compatibility issues.

If you’re trying to follow our previous blog post (“Downgrade Windows 8 to 7”), you may have already run into an error message such as the following:

UEFI_2

Or possibly a different error, it doesn’t matter.  Bottom line is that without changes you can’t install Win 7 on a laptop that came with Win 8 – the Windows 8 Microsoft Hardware Certification requires ‘Secure Boot’ to be enabled, which generates this error.  As well as disabling Secure Boot, it is also necessary to enable the UEFI BIOS Compatibility Support Module (CSM) to install Windows 7.  This is for fairly technical reasons – specifically that the Windows 7 default video driver (vga.sys) doesn’t support the UEFI graphics output protocol (GOP).

You need to log into the BIOS / UEFI configuration page to make the required changes.  Usually this is done by pressing F2, F10, Delete or Escape when prompted during boot.

UEFI_3

However, some UEFI implementations won’t offer you this; some will boot so fast that you won’t have time to read the prompt or press the right button.  In this case you can reboot to the configuration screens from within Windows 8: PC Settings > General > Advanced > Restart > Troubleshoot > Advanced Options > UEFI Firmware Settings

win8-bios3

Once you’ve gained access to the BIOS / UEFI settings, you’ll need to ensure that Secure Boot is Disabled and the Bios Compatibility Support Module / Legacy Support is Enabled.  The options are slightly different on each model of computer, but will refer to ‘Secure Boot’ and ‘CSM’.  Here’s two different HP screenshots:

UEFI_5win8-bios4

Once you’ve disabled Secure Boot and enabled the CSM you should be able to install Windows 7 as normal.  There’s a Microsoft Technet blogpost here that talks a little more about installing Windows 7 under UEFI.

Hope someone finds this post useful.

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